AdjMatrixGraph.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of AdjMatrixGraph.java from §4.1 Undirected Graphs.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac AdjMatrixGraph.java
 *  Execution:    java AdjMatrixGraph V E
 *  Dependencies: StdOut.java
 *
 *  A graph, implemented using an adjacency matrix.
 *  Parallel edges are disallowed; self-loops are allowd.
 *  
 ******************************************************************************/

import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.NoSuchElementException;


public class AdjMatrixGraph {
    private static final String NEWLINE = System.getProperty("line.separator");

    private final int V;
    private int E;
    private boolean[][] adj;
    
    // empty graph with V vertices
    public AdjMatrixGraph(int V) {
        if (V < 0) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Too few vertices");
        this.V = V;
        this.E = 0;
        this.adj = new boolean[V][V];
    }

    // random graph with V vertices and E edges
    public AdjMatrixGraph(int V, int E) {
        this(V);
        if (E > (long) V*(V-1)/2 + V) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Too many edges");
        if (E < 0)                    throw new IllegalArgumentException("Too few edges");

        // can be inefficient
        while (this.E != E) {
            int v = StdRandom.uniform(V);
            int w = StdRandom.uniform(V);
            addEdge(v, w);
        }
    }

    // number of vertices and edges
    public int V() { return V; }
    public int E() { return E; }


    // add undirected edge v-w
    public void addEdge(int v, int w) {
        if (!adj[v][w]) E++;
        adj[v][w] = true;
        adj[w][v] = true;
    }

    // does the graph contain the edge v-w?
    public boolean contains(int v, int w) {
        return adj[v][w];
    }

    // return list of neighbors of v
    public Iterable<Integer> adj(int v) {
        return new AdjIterator(v);
    }

    // support iteration over graph vertices
    private class AdjIterator implements Iterator<Integer>, Iterable<Integer> {
        private int v;
        private int w = 0;

        AdjIterator(int v) {
            this.v = v;
        }

        public Iterator<Integer> iterator() {
            return this;
        }

        public boolean hasNext() {
            while (w < V) {
                if (adj[v][w]) return true;
                w++;
            }
            return false;
        }

        public Integer next() {
            if (!hasNext()) {
                throw new NoSuchElementException();
            }
            return w++;
        }

        public void remove()  {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }
    }


    // string representation of Graph - takes quadratic time
    public String toString() {
        StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder();
        s.append(V + " " + E + NEWLINE);
        for (int v = 0; v < V; v++) {
            s.append(v + ": ");
            for (int w : adj(v)) {
                s.append(w + " ");
            }
            s.append(NEWLINE);
        }
        return s.toString();
    }


    // test client
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int V = Integer.parseInt(args[0]);
        int E = Integer.parseInt(args[1]);
        AdjMatrixGraph G = new AdjMatrixGraph(V, E);
        StdOut.println(G);
    }

}


Copyright © 2000–2017, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
Last updated: Thu Sep 6 03:51:46 EDT 2018.