Heap.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of Heap.java.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac Heap.java
 *  Execution:    java Heap < input.txt
 *  Dependencies: StdOut.java StdIn.java
 *  Data files:   http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/24pq/tiny.txt
 *                http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/24pq/words3.txt
 *  
 *  Sorts a sequence of strings from standard input using heapsort.
 *
 *  % more tiny.txt
 *  S O R T E X A M P L E
 *
 *  % java Heap < tiny.txt
 *  A E E L M O P R S T X                 [ one string per line ]
 *
 *  % more words3.txt
 *  bed bug dad yes zoo ... all bad yet
 *
 *  % java Heap < words3.txt
 *  all bad bed bug dad ... yes yet zoo   [ one string per line ]
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

package edu.princeton.cs.algs4;

/**
 *  The {@code Heap} class provides a static methods for heapsorting
 *  an array.
 *  <p>
 *  For additional documentation, see <a href="http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/24pq">Section 2.4</a> of
 *  <i>Algorithms, 4th Edition</i> by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
 *
 *  @author Robert Sedgewick
 *  @author Kevin Wayne
 */
public class Heap {

    // This class should not be instantiated.
    private Heap() { }

    /**
     * Rearranges the array in ascending order, using the natural order.
     * @param pq the array to be sorted
     */
    public static void sort(Comparable[] pq) {
        int n = pq.length;
        for (int k = n/2; k >= 1; k--)
            sink(pq, k, n);
        while (n > 1) {
            exch(pq, 1, n--);
            sink(pq, 1, n);
        }
    }

   /***************************************************************************
    * Helper functions to restore the heap invariant.
    ***************************************************************************/

    private static void sink(Comparable[] pq, int k, int n) {
        while (2*k <= n) {
            int j = 2*k;
            if (j < n && less(pq, j, j+1)) j++;
            if (!less(pq, k, j)) break;
            exch(pq, k, j);
            k = j;
        }
    }

   /***************************************************************************
    * Helper functions for comparisons and swaps.
    * Indices are "off-by-one" to support 1-based indexing.
    ***************************************************************************/
    private static boolean less(Comparable[] pq, int i, int j) {
        return pq[i-1].compareTo(pq[j-1]) < 0;
    }

    private static void exch(Object[] pq, int i, int j) {
        Object swap = pq[i-1];
        pq[i-1] = pq[j-1];
        pq[j-1] = swap;
    }

    // print array to standard output
    private static void show(Comparable[] a) {
        for (int i = 0; i < a.length; i++) {
            StdOut.println(a[i]);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Reads in a sequence of strings from standard input; heapsorts them; 
     * and prints them to standard output in ascending order. 
     *
     * @param args the command-line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] a = StdIn.readAllStrings();
        Heap.sort(a);
        show(a);
    }
}

/******************************************************************************
 *  Copyright 2002-2016, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
 *
 *  This file is part of algs4.jar, which accompanies the textbook
 *
 *      Algorithms, 4th edition by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne,
 *      Addison-Wesley Professional, 2011, ISBN 0-321-57351-X.
 *      http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu
 *
 *
 *  algs4.jar is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  algs4.jar is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with algs4.jar.  If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses.
 ******************************************************************************/


Last updated: Sun Apr 16 20:48:46 EDT 2017.