MergeBU.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of MergeBU.java from §2.2 Mergesort.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac MergeBU.java
 *  Execution:    java MergeBU < input.txt
 *  Dependencies: StdOut.java StdIn.java
 *  Data files:   http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/22mergesort/tiny.txt
 *                http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/22mergesort/words3.txt
 *   
 *  Sorts a sequence of strings from standard input using
 *  bottom-up mergesort.
 *   
 *  % more tiny.txt
 *  S O R T E X A M P L E
 *
 *  % java MergeBU < tiny.txt
 *  A E E L M O P R S T X                 [ one string per line ]
 *    
 *  % more words3.txt
 *  bed bug dad yes zoo ... all bad yet
 *  
 *  % java MergeBU < words3.txt
 *  all bad bed bug dad ... yes yet zoo    [ one string per line ]
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

/**
 *  The {@code MergeBU} class provides static methods for sorting an
 *  array using bottom-up mergesort.
 *  <p>
 *  For additional documentation, see <a href="http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/21elementary">Section 2.1</a> of
 *  <i>Algorithms, 4th Edition</i> by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
 *
 *  @author Robert Sedgewick
 *  @author Kevin Wayne
 */
public class MergeBU {

    // This class should not be instantiated.
    private MergeBU() { }

    // stably merge a[lo..mid] with a[mid+1..hi] using aux[lo..hi]
    private static void merge(Comparable[] a, Comparable[] aux, int lo, int mid, int hi) {

        // copy to aux[]
        for (int k = lo; k <= hi; k++) {
            aux[k] = a[k]; 
        }

        // merge back to a[]
        int i = lo, j = mid+1;
        for (int k = lo; k <= hi; k++) {
            if      (i > mid)              a[k] = aux[j++];  // this copying is unneccessary
            else if (j > hi)               a[k] = aux[i++];
            else if (less(aux[j], aux[i])) a[k] = aux[j++];
            else                           a[k] = aux[i++];
        }

    }

    /**
     * Rearranges the array in ascending order, using the natural order.
     * @param a the array to be sorted
     */
    public static void sort(Comparable[] a) {
        int n = a.length;
        Comparable[] aux = new Comparable[n];
        for (int len = 1; len < n; len *= 2) {
            for (int lo = 0; lo < n-len; lo += len+len) {
                int mid  = lo+len-1;
                int hi = Math.min(lo+len+len-1, n-1);
                merge(a, aux, lo, mid, hi);
            }
        }
        assert isSorted(a);
    }

  /***********************************************************************
    *  Helper sorting functions.
    ***************************************************************************/
    
    // is v < w ?
    private static boolean less(Comparable v, Comparable w) {
        return v.compareTo(w) < 0;
    }


   /***************************************************************************
    *  Check if array is sorted - useful for debugging.
    ***************************************************************************/
    private static boolean isSorted(Comparable[] a) {
        for (int i = 1; i < a.length; i++)
            if (less(a[i], a[i-1])) return false;
        return true;
    }

    // print array to standard output
    private static void show(Comparable[] a) {
        for (int i = 0; i < a.length; i++) {
            StdOut.println(a[i]);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Reads in a sequence of strings from standard input; bottom-up
     * mergesorts them; and prints them to standard output in ascending order. 
     *
     * @param args the command-line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] a = StdIn.readAllStrings();
        MergeBU.sort(a);
        show(a);
    }
}


Copyright © 2002–2016, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
Last updated: Tue Aug 30 10:09:18 EDT 2016.