TraceInsertion.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of TraceInsertion.java from §2.1 Elementary Sorts.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac TraceInsertion.java
 *  Execution:    java  TraceInsertion input
 *  Dependencies: StdDraw.java
 *
 *  Inserstion sort the sequence of strings specified on the command-line
 *  and show the detailed trace.
 *
 *  % java TraceInsertion SORTEXAMPLE
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

import java.awt.Font;

public class TraceInsertion {

    // insertion sort
    public static void sort(String[] a) {
        int n = a.length;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            int j;
            for (j = i; j > 0 && less(a[j], a[j-1]); j--) {
                exch(a, j, j-1);
            }
            draw(a, i, i, j);
        }
    }


    // exchange a[i] and a[j]
    private static void exch(String[] a, int i, int j) {
        String swap = a[i];
        a[i] = a[j];
        a[j] = swap;
    }

    // is v < w ?
    private static boolean less(String v, String w) {
        return v.compareTo(w) < 0;
    }

    private static void draw(String[] a, int row, int ith, int jth) {
        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
        StdDraw.text(-2.50, row, ith + "");
        StdDraw.text(-1.25, row, jth + "");
        for (int i = 0; i < a.length; i++) {
            if (i == jth)      StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BOOK_RED);
            else if (i > ith)  StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.LIGHT_GRAY);
            else if (i < jth)  StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.LIGHT_GRAY);
            else               StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
            StdDraw.text(i, row, a[i]);
        }
    }

    // display header
    private static void header(String[] a) {
        int n = a.length;

        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
        StdDraw.text(n/2.0, -3, "a[ ]");       
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            StdDraw.text(i, -2, i + "");       
        StdDraw.text(-2.50, -2, "i");
        StdDraw.text(-1.25, -2, "j");
        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BOOK_RED);
        StdDraw.line(-3, -1.65, n - 0.5, -1.65);
        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            StdDraw.text(i, -1, a[i]);
    }

    // display footer
    private static void footer(String[] a) {
        int n = a.length;
        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            StdDraw.text(i, n, a[i]);
    }



    // test client
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // parse command-line argument as an array of 1-character strings
        String s = args[0];
        int n = s.length();
        String[] a = new String[n];
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            a[i] = s.substring(i, i+1);

        // set canvas size
        StdDraw.setCanvasSize(30*(n+3), 30*(n+3));
        StdDraw.setXscale(-3, n+1);
        StdDraw.setYscale(n+1, -3);
        StdDraw.setFont(new Font("SansSerif", Font.PLAIN, 13));

        // draw the header
        header(a);

        // sort the array
        sort(a);

        // draw the footer
        footer(a);
    }

}


Copyright © 2002–2016, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
Last updated: Tue Aug 30 10:09:18 EDT 2016.