Selection.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of Selection.java from §2.1 Elementary Sorts.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac Selection.java
 *  Execution:    java  Selection < input.txt
 *  Dependencies: StdOut.java StdIn.java
 *  Data files:   http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/21elementary/tiny.txt
 *                http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/21elementary/words3.txt
 *   
 *  Sorts a sequence of strings from standard input using selection sort.
 *   
 *  % more tiny.txt
 *  S O R T E X A M P L E
 *
 *  % java Selection < tiny.txt
 *  A E E L M O P R S T X                 [ one string per line ]
 *    
 *  % more words3.txt
 *  bed bug dad yes zoo ... all bad yet
 *  
 *  % java Selection < words3.txt
 *  all bad bed bug dad ... yes yet zoo    [ one string per line ]
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

import java.util.Comparator;

/**
 *  The {@code Selection} class provides static methods for sorting an
 *  array using selection sort.
 *  <p>
 *  For additional documentation, see <a href="http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/21elementary">Section 2.1</a> of
 *  <i>Algorithms, 4th Edition</i> by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
 *
 *  @author Robert Sedgewick
 *  @author Kevin Wayne
 */
public class Selection {

    // This class should not be instantiated.
    private Selection() { }

    /**
     * Rearranges the array in ascending order, using the natural order.
     * @param a the array to be sorted
     */
    public static void sort(Comparable[] a) {
        int n = a.length;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            int min = i;
            for (int j = i+1; j < n; j++) {
                if (less(a[j], a[min])) min = j;
            }
            exch(a, i, min);
            assert isSorted(a, 0, i);
        }
        assert isSorted(a);
    }

    /**
     * Rearranges the array in ascending order, using a comparator.
     * @param a the array
     * @param comparator the comparator specifying the order
     */
    public static void sort(Object[] a, Comparator comparator) {
        int n = a.length;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            int min = i;
            for (int j = i+1; j < n; j++) {
                if (less(comparator, a[j], a[min])) min = j;
            }
            exch(a, i, min);
            assert isSorted(a, comparator, 0, i);
        }
        assert isSorted(a, comparator);
    }


   /***************************************************************************
    *  Helper sorting functions.
    ***************************************************************************/
    
    // is v < w ?
    private static boolean less(Comparable v, Comparable w) {
        return v.compareTo(w) < 0;
    }

    // is v < w ?
    private static boolean less(Comparator comparator, Object v, Object w) {
        return comparator.compare(v, w) < 0;
    }
        
        
    // exchange a[i] and a[j]
    private static void exch(Object[] a, int i, int j) {
        Object swap = a[i];
        a[i] = a[j];
        a[j] = swap;
    }


   /***************************************************************************
    *  Check if array is sorted - useful for debugging.
    ***************************************************************************/

    // is the array a[] sorted?
    private static boolean isSorted(Comparable[] a) {
        return isSorted(a, 0, a.length - 1);
    }
        
    // is the array sorted from a[lo] to a[hi]
    private static boolean isSorted(Comparable[] a, int lo, int hi) {
        for (int i = lo + 1; i <= hi; i++)
            if (less(a[i], a[i-1])) return false;
        return true;
    }

    // is the array a[] sorted?
    private static boolean isSorted(Object[] a, Comparator comparator) {
        return isSorted(a, comparator, 0, a.length - 1);
    }

    // is the array sorted from a[lo] to a[hi]
    private static boolean isSorted(Object[] a, Comparator comparator, int lo, int hi) {
        for (int i = lo + 1; i <= hi; i++)
            if (less(comparator, a[i], a[i-1])) return false;
        return true;
    }



    // print array to standard output
    private static void show(Comparable[] a) {
        for (int i = 0; i < a.length; i++) {
            StdOut.println(a[i]);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Reads in a sequence of strings from standard input; selection sorts them; 
     * and prints them to standard output in ascending order. 
     *
     * @param args the command-line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] a = StdIn.readAllStrings();
        Selection.sort(a);
        show(a);
    }
}


Copyright © 2000–2016, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
Last updated: Sat Mar 25 05:27:14 EDT 2017.